Education Crisis and Reforms for it
Brussels- based NGO made a conclusion that if Pakistan provides its children free education between the ages of 5 to 6 years, it must make a change in the system spoiled by teacher carelessness, badly maintained schools and curriculum encourages intolerance and fails to produce citizens who are talented enough in for the jobs in the market. It also mentioned that reform in curriculum and steps to ensure that textbooks and teachers no longer preach an intolerant religious speech and distorted narrative based literature is the responsibility of the provincial govt.
NGO also says that the working-age students will continue to increase in a country with many young people. Without special efforts of improvement in this concern will not lead towards success. Because, if the most attractive jobs are available with the jihadi forces and criminal groups- contributing to violence and instability will not take part in the improvement of the system. By the report, most problematic thing in this regard is poorly qualified and badly trained teachers. So, a lot of improvement is needed in methodology of the classrooms.
Without reforms in curriculum, one cannot make progress in this situation. As an unreformed curriculum continues to lead intolerance and strangeness as do madressahs. Private sectors are progressing but not many except those, which concerned to the elite, provide quality education. Attempts are continues for better private sector support through partnerships and philanthropy, but due to large scale and challenge govt. approach and ownership of political sector is also needed.
To tackle down with the challenge of private schools and madressahs filling the gaps of a public education sector but causing religious extremism and sectarian violence, govt. will have to need for increase in number of schools and teachers, NGO says. Even 18th amendment decentralized education to federating units, provincial governments have taken some steps to meet their obligation to educate children. However other provinces yet to need take steps in this regard. Nepotism and corruption badly affect the system, including in the employment, posting and transfer of teachers.
Militant violence and natural disasters have exacerbated the dismal state of education. Natural disasters like earthquake and floods have destroyed school buildings, disrupting the education of hundreds of thousands of children. According to reports, 9 million children do not receive primary or secondary education and literacy rates are static. The country is far from meeting MDG of providing universal primary education by 2015. There is also a gender disparities and differences between rural and urban areas, according to reports. The mutual budgetary allocation of federal and provincial governments to education is the lowest in South Asia, as two percent of GDP.