Literacy rate of country and KP PerformanceThe country has seen the rise of 2 % in literacy rate while in the KPK; the literacy has declined instead of betterment. The figures from the economic survey of Pakistan show that in whole country, the literacy rose by 2 % while amazingly, this did not happen in case of KPK. The rise has been seen due to the increase in women literacy rate while the male literacy remained the same. In KP during the 2013-14, the literacy rate was 72 % which is declined by 1 % to subsequent year and went to 71 %.
According to the latest Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) Survey 2015- the literacy for the population of the age group of 10 years and above is 60 % which is 2 % more as compared to 58 %in 2014. However, the survey also says that in the last year, the literacy rate for male was 70 % and for the female, it was just 49 %. This results in the 21 % gap in the male and female literacy.
In the urban areas, the literacy rate is 76 % while in the rural part it is 51 %. If we talk about province wise data then Punjab leads the figures with 63 % literacy. After which the second position is of Sindh with 60 %, KPK stood third with 53 % literacy and Baluchistan is as usual on the last spot with 44 % literacy rate.Some interesting facts have also been seen in the data, as the Sindh has seen 3 % increment in male literacy rate while KPK faced 1 % decline in the category.
The Punjab’s rural male literacy rate was 65 % in 2013-14 which remained same in 2014-15. However, the rise is female literacy rate is witnessed as in 2013-14, it was 43 % and now it is 45 %. The male literacy rate for Punjab’s urban areas ramained the same 82 % and the female literacy rate also rose to 72 % from 71 %.
Sindh has taken the lead this time by showing the increase in both male and female literacy in rural and urban areas. Baluchistan has gained the 2 % rise in male literacy rate but on female literacy it did not see any positive change. The literacy gap between urban and rural areas is also 20 % in Baluchistan. The government must consider these figures to shape the policies. The areas where significant changes have not been seen, have to be given priority this year for funding and infrastructure.