The deadline of Millennium Development Goals was expired in 2015 and Pakistan lagged far behind the education goal of increasing the literacy rate to 90 %. Till now, Pakistan’s literacy rate is 58%. The issue of out of school children is still in news. The world after setting and achieving MDG’s, set SDG (sustainable development goals) under the conference of United Nation and the new deadline set for the goals is 2030. SDGs are set of many goals and like previous set; education is included in the framework. This time the SDG 4 is designated to Education.
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Pakistan is also one the signatories of SDG and now planning the steps to achieve the targets. Recently, the Punjab Government in collaboration with many Govt. and private agencies including School Education Department, Ministry of Professional Training, Unicef and Unesco organized a two-day workshop on Sustainable Development Goal “the Education 2030 agenda”. Representatives from all the participating agencies and organizations took part and expressed their views and presented ideas for the successful start of SDG 4. Civil society members were also invited in the workshop.
Rana Mashood, the Education Minister during his speech emphasized on the importance of education and the targets of SDG. He discussed the idea of collaboration of development partners with Govt. especially in the process to appointment of new teachers, in teacher training and for building school infrastructure. Dr Allah Bakhsh Malik, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Professional Training in his speech turned the attention of delegates towards 6 million out-of-school children. He insisted that instead of giving all the attention now to the SDG, we should also analyze our failure in the MDG’S, so that those mistakes should not repeat this time.
The discussing point here is the 18th amendment after which the education is now the provincial issue. The successful implementation of steps of any kind depends upon the working of provincial Govt. The terrorism and social evils are still there. The core work which needed badly is the close coordination of federal and provincial department in order to bring change.
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The social structure in the some areas of KPK and in most of Baluchistan does not allow the girls to go for education at some place outside house. At primary level the situation can be good but on secondary and higher secondary level, the girl’s ratio is below than average.
The Govt. in this area should start a social campaign and can use their members of national and provincial assemblies to pursue people to send their children to school. The second thing is the imposition of national curriculum in madrassa in rural area where children are just relying on formal religious education and don’t have sufficient knowledge of outside innovation and skills.
Pakistan is also needed an extensive project for the restructuring of schools and apart from convincing the out of school children, the situation of attendance in already striving sector demands an approach based on technology and innovation.